(Originally published by MiddleWeb May 15, 2023)
The words metacognition and reflection are often used interchangeably. Although they’re interrelated, they’re not the same.
Metacognition happens “in the moment” during learning; reflection is the act of looking back on past learning, determining the meaning of what was learned; building (or not building) confidence as a learner; and carrying that mindset forward.
Deep learning engages students in metacognition and reflection activities – not as an afterthought, but crucial to students building independence as learners (Hess, 2023).
Metacognitive skills help learners to stay focused and monitor progress during learning.
Peer and self-reflection activities help learners identify their strengths and challenges and also evaluate achievement of personal goals for learning.